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October 12, 2007

団塊のJAZZエッセイ「KIND OF BLUE」その138回ーー「枯葉」の巻ー

ろそろ、秋風がたち・・・木々の葉も色ずきはじめ、ジャズクラブ「KIND OF BLUE」の中庭の楓も秋の様相をかもし出していた。

ゼンさんは母屋のソファーに寝転がり、穏やかになった平日の午後の日差しを感じていた。

日本人は「枯葉」が好きだなと。
しかし、「Autumn Leaves」が何故「枯葉」なのかと、不思議な題名の邦訳を気にしていた。
「そうか、Autumn In New York という曲も・・・」と思いを数年前の秋のNYCにいた時を思い出していた。

日本の紅葉は葉が紅く色づく・・しかし、NYやボストンで見た紅葉は紅ではなく、99%の落葉樹が黄色くなる、そこに夕陽があたりまさに金色に輝く木々の群れであった。
そこで、納得がいったのだ、枯葉の歌詞の中にある、♪・・・Turn To Gold・・・♪という歌詞を。

そうだ、セントラルパークの紅葉を観に行こう、ボストンのチャールスリバー河畔の紅葉を観にゆこう・・。
そんな思いをしているうちに心地よい午睡に入っていた。

日本のジャズファンにリクエストを採ると、「枯葉」がダントツになる。
ハンガリー出身のコマスが書き、詩はプレベールがつけ、グレコが歌ってヒットしたシャンソンだ。
その後でジョニー・マーサが英語の詩をつけ、ポピュラーとして米国でも流行った。

ジャズで最初に取上げたのは・・・マイルスが・・・というところだが、実はスタン・ゲッツがルースト盤でやっており、これがなかなか良い味を出している。
ジャマールも取上げているが、ジャマールに大きな影響を得たマイルスがあのイントロを工夫して「Something Else」でヒットさせた。名義はキャノンボールだが。
以来、マイルスは何度と無くこの曲を素材として使った、年々テンポを上げてゆき、1964年7月に初来日をしたマイルスの幕開けの第一曲目が「枯葉」だったが、この時のテンポはかなりのスピードである。
マイルスの「枯葉」だけをテープやCDに集めて聞き比べてみると面白そうだ。

「枯葉」・・・この扱いやすいコード進行・・・とストーリーの創りやすいメロディーでジャズでは多くの名作がある。
サラ・ボーンはメロなしで、いきなりアドリブ・スキャットから入るがこれが見事で、強烈なスイング感がたまらない。
ボビー・ティモンズ トリオも名演だ、聴くべし。
ビル・エバンスとラファロのインタープレイも聴き逃せない。

そして、ジャズを始めた初心者が最初に取り組むのもこの曲だ。
しかし、コード進行からゆくと、「Autumn In New York」の方がいい、コードをたどるだけで素晴らしいハーモニーを感じることができる。
シンガーズアンリミテッドの「ア・カペラ」は隠れた名演奏だとおもう。
ハンプトン・ホーズもいいかな・・・・。

今はもう秋、誰もいない海・・・♪
B000amz0oo09_sclzzzzzzz_v46972824_s
Timmons_in_person
B00000i41j09_ss500_sclzzzzzzz_v1128

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basscleffさん、こんにちは。

枯葉はよくセッションに使いますが、素人でやると、ソロの内容がイマイチで、ストーリー性のあるメロが浮かび出ないのですよね。
ジャムセッションのマンネリフレーズになってしまって・・・。

そこへゆくと、マイルスやキャノンボール、ティモンズ、ペッパー達はやはり凄いですね。

Posted by: 4438miles | October 18, 2007 at 10:32

4438milesさん、こんにちわ。
そういえば、セッションなんかでもやる曲が見つからない時、とりあえず・・・「枯葉」やりましょうか?・・・となりますね(笑)コード進行も自然で(すぐ覚えられるので:笑)やっぱりいい曲ですね。
僕の好きな「枯葉」は~
ペッパーのthe way it wasに入ってるやつです。ベースのジミー・ボンドという人が、張りのある大きな音で弾いてます。
あれ・・・いかにもセッションという感じで好きだなあ。

Posted by: bassclef | October 18, 2007 at 09:53

>>イムクさん

初めまして、こんにちは!

はるばる、オンタリオからご来店ですか。
「KIND OF BLUE」へようこそ。

まあ、夜な夜な集まるろくでもない常連で溢れている仮想と幻想のジャズクラブですが、よろしければどうぞお立ち寄りください。
但し、このコメント欄にいらっしゃるご常連方にカラまれて、表に出ろ!・・場外乱闘だ!なんていう事になっても・・・責任は取りかねます。(笑)

そう、アメリカの紅葉は紅ではなく、金色(黄色)ですね、オンタリオはまだ知らないのですが、東海岸特に良く行くボストンやNYは特に黄色と感じました。

私が住んでいる東京の南の端では、駅前の銀杏並木がそろそろ金色になるはずなのですが、今年は少々遅いようです。
オンタリオはいかがですか、湖は近いのですか?
近いと寒さもキツイでしょうね。
またお出でください。

Posted by: 4438miles | October 15, 2007 at 14:02

25-25さん

おお、ジャズテット風のゴルソン+フラーですね。
あのコンビは何をやってもよろしいですね。
あのサウンドが、そう音だけでジャズですね。

ファンキーに成り過ぎず、適度な塩梅がよろしいようで。
聴きたくなりました。


KAMIさん

ティモンズのイン・パーソンの枯葉はイントロがいいですね、ベースとの絡みで、あのイントロを完全コピーをするのに、1ヶ月掛かったのを思い出します。
毎日、あの枯葉を聴いて・・・そう100回は聴いて耳コピーをしたものです。


Posted by: 4438miles | October 15, 2007 at 13:53

DUKEさん

枯葉舞う季節、寒暖の差が大きく、老骨にはシンドイです・・・・が、辛島氏ことカラヤンはお年は上ですがお元気ですよね、あのピアノを弾くバイタリティはどこから来るのでしょうか。
ゴルフも上手い酒も酒豪・・・タフな方です。
エルビンとピアノで立ち向かうには、あのくらいのエネルギーが無いと、あにシンバルレガートに潰されてしまいますね。
DUKEさんもお元気なようで・・・当方、秋口のせいもありますが、先日、大学以来、40年の付き合いの一年後輩が59歳急逝しまして、1週間前までは週に一度会っていたのに、多発性肝臓がんであっという間でした。
これでガックリしまして、少々気力を失っておりました。
後輩が先に逝くというのはいやですね。
そうも言ってられないので、気力を振り絞っております。

Posted by: 4438miles | October 15, 2007 at 13:48

4438miles さん、夏バテから回復したようですね。早いもので落ち葉舞い散る秋になりました。歳とともに回復力の衰えが身に沁みる秋風でしょうか。4438miles さんのことではありませんよ、一般論です。(笑)

昨夜は辛島文夫さんのライブでした。ベース川村竜、ドラム小松伸之という若いサイドでしたが、熱い内容でした。「ブルー・モンク」「ソー・イン・ラブ」スタンダードの盛り上げは見事なものでです。

打ち上げでエルヴィン・バンドにいた頃の話をお聞きしました。外国の知らない町で置いていかれたと・・・集合時間に遅れたら待ってくれるのは日本だけ、遅れたやつが悪いと置いていくのがアメリカ、それが総じてジャズなのだと・・・

酔いが回るにつれ、オレが理想とするベースはペティフォード、ラファロ、ドラムはエルヴィン、デジョネット、と若い二人を叱咤激励し、ケイコ・ジョーンズの話題に・・・オフレコなので公開できませんが、裏は何でも面白いですね。

ウン?「枯葉」がテーマでしたか。
アンコールで演奏していただきました。(笑)

Posted by: duke | October 13, 2007 at 23:28

こちらは、「枯葉」がお題ですか。

>ジャマールも取上げているが、

「Portfolio of ~」の枯葉は、いいですね。
ジャマルは、「おっと、そう来るのかよ?!」と
度肝を抜くような曲の解釈をしてくれて、心憎いです。

>サラ・ボーンはメロなしで、いきなりアドリブ・スキャットから入るが
これが見事で、強烈なスイング感がたまらない。

あのスキャットは、鳥肌が立ってきますね~!

>ボビー・ティモンズ トリオも名演だ、聴くべし。

In Person ですね。
アルバートのブラッシュワークも最高!

あと、意外と好きなのが、
「Gone With Golson」(NewJazz)
フラーの抑え目の渋いボントロのソロに続く
レイ・ブライアントのゴスペル風味の効いたピアノが
これまた堪らない。


Posted by: 25-25 | October 13, 2007 at 14:28

4438miles様、おはようございます。
夏バテでお休みだったブログ、再開ですね。
当方は夏バテにはならなかったのですが、やや酒バテ気味です。(笑)
そして枯葉、名演が多いですね。
マイルスとキャノンボールの「サムシン・エルス」とサラとローランド・ハナの「枯葉」は、私が主催している「ジャズ鑑賞会」でもとりあげました。
ティモンズの枯葉は好きで時々聴いています。
数多くある枯葉の演奏の中では過小評価されているように思いますが、これも名演だと思っております。ティモンズの粘っこいピアノ、痺れます。

Posted by: KAMI | October 13, 2007 at 06:58

4438Miles様

初めまして、Dukeさんのサイトで
たまにお目にかかるイムクです,宜しくお願いします。

Autum Leavesで頭に浮かぶのは
やはり紅い燃える様な日本の紅葉ではなく。

輝く太陽の反射を浴びて輝く黄色い紅葉ですね。
私の住んでいるオンタリオ州では紅く紅葉する木が数えるほどしかありまんけど。

あの歌のもっている状況はやはり黄色だと
思いました。その空間をうめる歌声が最近
TAKASHIさん(ご存知Dukeさの所に出没される)に教えていただいたエバ 
キャシィディーです。

数えきれない名プレイヤーの演奏がありますが最近この曲で頭に浮かぶのは彼女の
秋の風の色をした声でした。

また遊びにきます。すばらしいブログですね。

Posted by: イムク | October 13, 2007 at 01:33

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